February 23, 2018


Here’s some fun for today. Can you answer the questions? Be sure not to peek at the answers listed after each category!

horse_body_partsEquine Anatomy

1. How many teeth does an adult horse have?

2. How long it the equine small intestine?

3. Where is the Patella or Knee cap located?

4. How many bones are inside the equine hoof?

5. Which bones are thought to be the remnant of toes?


1. Between 36-44 depending on- mare, stallion or gelding. Not counting wolf teeth.

2. Approx. 70 ft long.

3. In the stifle joint of the hind leg.

4. 3- Navicular, coffin bone and the short pastern bone.

5. The splint bones.

IMG_0120Equine Breeds and Colors

1. Name three color breeds?

2. What color horse is described as- Brown to red body color with black points.

3. What is the difference between a Mule and a Hinny?

4. What is the most popular breed of horse in the world?

5. What is the fastest growing breed of horse in the world?


1. Pinto, Paint, Appaloosa, Palomino, Buckskin,  POA

2. Bay

3. A mule is a cross between a jack and a mare. A Hinny is a cross between a horse stallion and a jenny.

4. American Quarter Horse

5. The American Paint Horse.


1. Where would you find a keeper?

2. What is a crupper used for?

3. What is a the difference between a snaffle bit and a curb bit?

4. What are “Rein Stops” , when and where do you use them?

5. Name two artificial aids.


1. On an English bridle cheek piece or throatlatch. It is a small leather loop used to hold the excess strap in place.

2. A crupper runs from the back of the saddle and fits under the horses tail. It keeps the saddle from moving to far forward on mutton withered horss or mules.

3. A snaffle bit is a direct pressure bit. A curb bit is a leverage bit.

4. Rein stops are rectangular or square pieces of either leather or rubber that are placed over the reins. They are used to prevent the rings of a running martingale from being caught on the buckles of the reins.

5. Whip, crop, spurs, martingales, draw reins.


1. Describe the foot fall pattern for a jog or trot.

2. Describe the foot fall pattern for a left lead lope or canter.

3. What is a ground line?

4. A horse that toes out will move their legs how?

5.  What is a stride?


1. Diagonal pair left front and right hind then diagonal pair right front and left hind. Repeat

2. Right hind, diagonal pair right front and left hind, left front, suspension . Repeat.

3. A pole placed on the ground on the take-off side of a jump to help the horse determine the height of the fence.

4. A toed out horse will wing in possibly causing interference.

5. The distance it takes a horse to move all 4 legs once. The distance will change with each gait and the amount of collection the horse does or does not have.


KT's FaceWhat is the normal Temperature, Pulse and Respiration rate for an at rest horse?

Temp- 99-101 degrees

Pulse- 30-40 beats per minute

Respiration Rate- 8-16 Breaths per minute